Difference between revisions of "Sirion: SEM & EDS"

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|RoomLocation = B209 Steele
|RoomLocation = B209 Steele
|LabPhone = 626-395-1541
|LabPhone = 626-395-1541
|PrimaryStaff = [[Matthew S. Hunt, PhD]]
|PrimaryStaff = [[Annalena Wolff]]
|StaffEmail = matthew.hunt@caltech.edu
|StaffEmail = awolff@caltech.edu
|StaffPhone = 626-395-5994
|StaffPhone = 626-395-5994
|Manufacturer = FEI (now Thermo Fisher)
|Manufacturer = FEI (now Thermo Fisher)
|Model = Sirion (aka XL-30)
|Model = Sirion (aka XL-30)
|Techniques = SEM, EDS,<br>Immersion Lens Imaging
|Techniques = SEM, EDS,<br>Immersion Lens Imaging
|RequestTraining = matthew.hunt@caltech.edu
|RequestTraining = awolff@caltech.edu
|EmailList = kni-sem-fib
|EmailList = kni-sem-fib
|EmailListName = SEM-FIB
|EmailListName = SEM-FIB
}}
}}
== Description ==
== Description ==
The Sirion is a field emission gun (FEG) scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an immersion lens for imaging sub-10 nm features (so-called "ultra high resolution mode," UHR) and an energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) detector for compositional analysis. While it is the KNI's oldest SEM, it is also a very steady instrument, offering a lower-cost alternative to similar high-resolution imaging that is available on the newer [[Nova_600 NanoLab: SEM, Ga-FIB, GIS & Omniprobe | Nova 600]] & [[Nova_200 NanoLab: SEM, EDS & WDS | Nova 200 NanoLab]] platforms. The smaller Sirion chamber also allows for fast pump and vent times, which makes this SEM very useful for quick inspection. See a full list of training and educational resources for this instrument below.
The Sirion is a field emission gun (FEG) scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an immersion lens for imaging sub-10 nm features (so-called "ultra high resolution mode," UHR). While it is the KNI's oldest SEM, it is also a very steady instrument, offering a lower-cost alternative to similar high-resolution imaging that is available on the newer [[Nova_600 NanoLab: SEM, Ga-FIB, GIS & Omniprobe | Nova 600]] & [[Nova_200 NanoLab: SEM, EDS | Nova 200 NanoLab]] platforms. The smaller Sirion chamber also allows for fast pump and vent times, which makes this SEM very useful for quick inspection. See a full list of training and educational resources for this instrument below.
===== SEM Applications =====
===== SEM Applications =====
* Ultra-High-Resolution Imaging (Immersion Mode aka UHR Mode)
* Ultra-High-Resolution Imaging (Immersion Mode aka UHR Mode)
* High-Resolution Imaging (Field-Free Mode aka Normal Mode)
* High-Resolution Imaging (Field-Free Mode aka Normal Mode)
* EDX Mode Imaging (reduces background signal on EDS spectra)
* Secondary Electron (SE) & Backscattered Electron (BSE) Imaging
* Secondary Electron (SE) & Backscattered Electron (BSE) Imaging
* Everhart-Thornley Detector (ETD) & Through-the-Lens Detector (TLD)
* Everhart-Thornley Detector (ETD) & Through-the-Lens Detector (TLD)
===== EDS Applications =====
* Spectrum acquisition for quantitative compositional analysis
* Linescan acquisition for 1D spatial compositional analysis
* Map acquisition for 2D spatial compositional analysis


== Resources ==
== Resources ==
===== Equipment Status =====
* [https://labrunr.caltech.edu/Equipment_2.aspx LabRunr Equipment Status] (Select Sirion from the dropdown menu)
===== SOPs & Troubleshooting =====
===== SOPs & Troubleshooting =====
* SEM SOPs ([https://caltech.box.com/s/rontehfysbmcyia4448wi31g8gbhepz9 Short Version] | [https://caltech.box.com/s/llpi6ct5wvw6c2tnh81zu32autbi2doy Long Version])
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/mpsxkxmf5y8wjw9daijwbudeoqkkeudu KNI Microscopy Policies]
* EDS SOPs ([https://caltech.box.com/s/ltcra2dk47k5s8r5mqotbad3i2e6r3lk Short Version] | [https://caltech.box.com/s/kukccwu1m8ekfjo6jds4jupvzwsjs3z1 Long Version])
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/xuympwz92lbi2cps7l5mskq9sky9intd SOP & Manuals & SDS]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/u4c7ep9wyxb3tvcp0o38tczf0o8vpffi Troubleshooting Guide]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/p9pgau696uipjrb2vdkhixynmc3es322 FEI Sirion Series SEM Manufacturer Operations Manual]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/7iirtd4o0errriluos9n7f2eqcfwtxob TEST LINK]
 
===== Video Tutorials =====
===== Video Tutorials =====
* [https://youtu.be/UfF_ljwvepQ Getting Started] | [https://youtu.be/luC-5TgNPsQ Basic SEM Alignment]
* [https://youtu.be/UfF_ljwvepQ Getting Started] | [https://youtu.be/luC-5TgNPsQ Basic SEM Alignment]
* Astigmatism Correction ([https://youtu.be/YeukVt1Fyi0 Details] | [https://youtu.be/WFfOi-rwlbA On Right-Angle Features] | [https://youtu.be/1syySgnTEqU Stigmator Alignment])
* Astigmatism Correction ([https://youtu.be/YeukVt1Fyi0 Details] | [https://youtu.be/WFfOi-rwlbA On Right-Angle Features] | [https://youtu.be/1syySgnTEqU Stigmator Alignment])
* [https://youtu.be/4V-bE6uqHY4 Eucentric Height: What it means, When to use it & How to get there]
* [https://youtu.be/R_RYbtumU20 Adjusting TLD Voltage to Capture SE vs. BSE Signal]
* [https://youtu.be/R_RYbtumU20 Adjusting TLD Voltage to Capture SE vs. BSE Signal]  
 
===== Graphical Handouts =====
===== Graphical Handouts =====
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/14ffgscc39vhrvlyva0jbucsep7j6dvv SEM & EDS Concepts]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/pxl99bbc1jm1tbjshfaotm91xm0mqs1i SEM & EDS Concepts]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/k2iy75hxiwkehv0ogqelz2sux9e1cs5k SEM Alignments]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/k2iy75hxiwkehv0ogqelz2sux9e1cs5k SEM Alignments]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/ijd8gprg9gcavb6of5uegu7osinzsdet Guide to Optimizing SEM Imaging]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/ijd8gprg9gcavb6of5uegu7osinzsdet Guide to Optimizing SEM Imaging]
===== Presentations =====
===== Presentations =====
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/lulkj0pwm053akyya1shazg8wzgudq9f Scanning Electron Microscopy: Principles, Techniques & Applications] (includes slides on EDS)
* Scanning Electron Microscopy: Principles, Techniques & Applications (includes slides on EDS)
===== Manufacturer Manuals =====
** [https://caltech.box.com/s/lulkj0pwm053akyya1shazg8wzgudq9f Pptx Slides] | [https://youtu.be/Zh21tp3aPEw YouTube Lecture]
* [https://caltech.box.com/s/36j0n01ig7f757kvkiebvqjqj0el2yvp EDAX Genesis EDS Operation Manual]
 


===== Calibrate Measurements with NIST Standard =====
===== Calibrate Measurements with NIST Standard =====
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* Use the [[Tergeo Plus ICP- & CCP-RIE: Oxygen & Argon Plasma Cleaner |
* Use the [[Tergeo Plus ICP- & CCP-RIE: Oxygen & Argon Plasma Cleaner |
O<sub>2</sub>/Ar Plasma Cleaner]] to remove hydrocarbons from the sample surface to avoid creating dark contamination spots on your features while imaging them.
O<sub>2</sub>/Ar Plasma Cleaner]] to remove hydrocarbons from the sample surface to avoid creating dark contamination spots on your features while imaging them.
===== Order Your Own Stubs =====
 
* Stubs used for mounting specimens are considered a personal, consumable item in the KNI. There are some old stubs at each SEM, yet you should buy your own so that you can keep them clean and available to you. There are many stub geometries and configurations, some of which will be right for you to purchase and keep with your other cleanroom items.
===== Stubs for specimen mounting =====
** [https://www.tedpella.com/SEM_html/SEMclip.htm.aspx Buy stubs with copper clips] (recommended for most devices, especially those with non-conductive substrates)
* Stubs used for mounting specimens are considered a personal, consumable item in the KNI. There are some stubs at each Microscope which can be used by any KNI microscopy user. You can also buy your own stubs so that you can keep them clean and available to you. There are many stub geometries and configurations. If you chose to buy your own stubs, please show them to the staff microscopist prior to using them: some stubs including stubs with copper clips have large height differences and can only be used safely in specific operating conditions.
** [https://www.tedpella.com/sem_html/SEMpinmount.htm Buy stubs without copper clips] (OK for devices with conductive substrates)
 
** [https://www.tedpella.com/sem_html/SEMpinmount.htm Buy stubs without copper clips]
 
===== Guide to Choosing KNI SEMs & FIBs =====
*[[Guide to Choosing KNI SEMs & FIBs | Consult this guide for help in choosing the best SEMs and FIBs for your work]]


== Specifications ==
== Specifications ==
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== Related Instrumentation in the KNI ==
===== Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEMs) =====
* [[Nova 600 NanoLab: SEM, Ga-FIB, GIS & Omniprobe|Nova 600 NanoLab: SEM, Ga-FIB, GIS & Omniprobe]]
* [[Nova 200 NanoLab: SEM, EDS & WDS | Nova 200 NanoLab: SEM, EDS & WDS]]
* [[Sirion: SEM & EDS | Sirion: SEM & EDS]]
* [[Quanta 200F: SEM, ESEM, Lithography & Probe Station | Quanta 200F: SEM, ESEM, Lithography & Probe Station]]
===== Focused Ion Beam (FIB) Systems =====
* [[Nova 600 NanoLab: SEM, Ga-FIB, GIS & Omniprobe|Nova 600 NanoLab: SEM, Ga-FIB, GIS & Omniprobe]]
* [[ORION NanoFab: Helium, Neon & Gallium FIB | ORION NanoFab: Helium, Neon & Gallium FIB]]
===== Sample Preparation for Microscopy =====
* [[Carbon Evaporator | Carbon Evaporator (Leica EM ACE600) to make samples conductive]]
* [[Tergeo Plus ICP- & CCP-RIE: Oxygen & Argon Plasma Cleaner | Oxygen & Argon Plasma Cleaner (Tergeo Plus ICP- & CCP-RIE) to remove hydrocarbons from surface]]
===== Transmission Electron Microscopes =====
* [[Tecnai TF-30: 300 kV TEM, STEM, EDS & HAADF | Tecnai TF-30: TEM, STEM, EDS & HAADF (50-300 kV)]]
* [[Tecnai TF-20: 200 kV TEM, STEM, EDS, EELS, EFTEM & Lithography | Tecnai TF-20: TEM, STEM, EDS, EELS, EFTEM & Lithography (40-200 kV)]]
===== Scanning Probe Microscopes =====
* [[Dimension Icon: Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) | Dimension Icon: Atomic Force Microscope (AFM)]]
* [[Dektak 3ST: Profilometer | Dektak 3ST: Profilometer]]

Latest revision as of 05:20, 30 June 2022

Sirion SEM
Sirion-SEM.jpg
Instrument Type Microscopy
Techniques SEM, EDS,
Immersion Lens Imaging
Staff Manager Annalena Wolff
Staff Email awolff@caltech.edu
Staff Phone 626-395-5994
Reserve time on LabRunr
Request training by email
Sign up for SEM-FIB email list
Lab Location B209 Steele
Lab Phone 626-395-1541
Manufacturer FEI (now Thermo Fisher)
Model Sirion (aka XL-30)

Description

The Sirion is a field emission gun (FEG) scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an immersion lens for imaging sub-10 nm features (so-called "ultra high resolution mode," UHR). While it is the KNI's oldest SEM, it is also a very steady instrument, offering a lower-cost alternative to similar high-resolution imaging that is available on the newer Nova 600 & Nova 200 NanoLab platforms. The smaller Sirion chamber also allows for fast pump and vent times, which makes this SEM very useful for quick inspection. See a full list of training and educational resources for this instrument below.

SEM Applications
  • Ultra-High-Resolution Imaging (Immersion Mode aka UHR Mode)
  • High-Resolution Imaging (Field-Free Mode aka Normal Mode)
  • Secondary Electron (SE) & Backscattered Electron (BSE) Imaging
  • Everhart-Thornley Detector (ETD) & Through-the-Lens Detector (TLD)

Resources

Equipment Status
SOPs & Troubleshooting
Video Tutorials
Graphical Handouts
Presentations


Calibrate Measurements with NIST Standard
  • The KNI has a NIST-traceable standard against which SEM measurements can be compared. See Slides 54-55 of the SEM Presentation for details. Ask staff for help finding and using the standard in the lab.
Simulation Software
Sample Preparation
  • Use the Carbon Evaporator to make non-conductive samples conductive by applying 2-10 nm of evaporated carbon.
  • Use the O2/Ar Plasma Cleaner to remove hydrocarbons from the sample surface to avoid creating dark contamination spots on your features while imaging them.
Stubs for specimen mounting
  • Stubs used for mounting specimens are considered a personal, consumable item in the KNI. There are some stubs at each Microscope which can be used by any KNI microscopy user. You can also buy your own stubs so that you can keep them clean and available to you. There are many stub geometries and configurations. If you chose to buy your own stubs, please show them to the staff microscopist prior to using them: some stubs including stubs with copper clips have large height differences and can only be used safely in specific operating conditions.
Guide to Choosing KNI SEMs & FIBs

Specifications

Manufacturer Specifications
SEM Specifications
  • Minimum Feature Size Resolved: ~7 nm
  • Voltage Range: 0.2 to 30.0 kV
  • Current Range: "Spotsize" 1 to 7 (approximately 30 pA to 20 nA), with increments of 1
  • Apertures: 30 μm, 40 μm, 50 μm, 100 μm
  • Eucentric Height: 5 mm working distance (WD)
  • Stage Range: ±25 mm X & Y travel, 50 mm Z travel, 0-45° tilt, 360° rotation
  • ETD Grid Bias Range: -150 to 300 V
  • TLD Bias Range: -100 to 150 V
  • Ultimate Vacuum: 3e-6 mbar